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09seoul632 [2018/06/09 18:35] (현재)
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 +^  문서번호 ​ ^  생성일 ​ ^  배포일 ​ ^  분류 ​ ^  출처 ​ ^  ​
 +|  09SEOUL632 ​ |  2009-04-17 07:12  |  2011-09-01 23:24  |  대외비 (CONFIDENTIAL) ​ |  서울 대사관 ​ |
 +
 +
 +태그: ELAB [Labor Sector Affairs], KS [Korea (South)] ​
 +
 +
 +====== 민주노총,​ 정부와 업계와 맞서 계속 투쟁 ======
 +
 +참조 : SEOUL 000415 ​
 +문서분류자:​ 폴 조셉 Y. 윤  분류 근거: 1.4 (b,d). Classified By: POL Joseph Y. Yun.  Reasons 1.4 (b,​d). ​
 +
 +
 +¶1.  (C) 요약: 4월9일 폴로프는,​ 두 개의 노조 총연맹 중 보다 강성이고,​ 최근 성 추문으로 지도부가 교체되고 그 때문에 상당 수 산하 노조의 탈퇴를 겪은 민주노총 대표들과 만났다. 임승규 신임 위원장도 참석했는데,​ 민주노총이 한미 에프티에이 및 기타 정책들을 강하게 비난해 왔기에 이례적이라 할 수 있다.
 +
 +===== 배경 ===== 
 +
 +¶2.  (C)
 +
 +===== New President Opened With Foreign Policy =====
 +
 +¶3.  (C)
 +
 +¶4.  (C)
 +
 +===== On Labor =====
 +
 +¶5.  (C)
 +
 +¶6.  (C)
 +
 +¶7.  (C)
 +
 +¶8.  (SBU)
 +
 +===== Comment =====
 +
 +¶9.  (C)
 +
 +
 +
 +====== 원본 ====== ​
 +
 +<​code>​
 +Reference id 09SEOUL632
 +Subject Radical Union Continues Struggle Against Government, Business ​
 +Origin Embassy Seoul (South Korea)  ​
 +Cable time Fri, 17 Apr 2009 07:12 UTC 
 +Classification CONFIDENTIAL ​
 +Source http://​wikileaks.org/​cable/​2009/​04/​09SEOUL632.html ​
 +References 09SEOUL415  ​
 +History First published on Thu, 1 Sep 2011 23:24 UTC 
 +Extras ? Comments ​
 +
 +VZCZCXYZ0000
 +PP RUEHWEB
 +
 +DE RUEHUL #0632/01 1070712
 +ZNY CCCCC ZZH
 +P 170712Z APR 09
 +FM AMEMBASSY SEOUL
 +TO RUEHC/​SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4056
 +INFO RUEHBJ/​AMEMBASSY BEIJING 5706
 +RUEHMO/​AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 9573
 +RUEHKO/​AMEMBASSY TOKYO 5798
 +RUEHIN/AIT TAIPEI 3242
 +RHHMUNA/CDR USPACOM HONOLULU HI
 +RUALSFJ/​COMUSJAPAN YOKOTA AB JA
 +RUACAAA/​COMUSKOREA INTEL SEOUL KOR
 +RHMFISS/​COMUSKOREA J5 SEOUL KOR
 +RHMFISS/​COMUSKOREA SCJS SEOUL KOR
 +RHEHNSC/NSC WASHINGTON DC
 +RUEKJCS/​SECDEF WASHINGTON DC//​OSD/​ISA/​EAP//​Hide header
 +C O N F I D E N T I A L SEOUL 000632 ​
 + 
 +SIPDIS ​
 + 
 +E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/​17/​2019 ​
 +TAGS: ELAB [Labor Sector Affairs], KS [Korea (South)] ​
 +SUBJECT: RADICAL UNION CONTINUES STRUGGLE AGAINST ​
 +GOVERNMENT, BUSINESS ​
 + 
 +REF: SEOUL 000415 ​
 + 
 +Classified By: POL Joseph Y. Yun.  Reasons 1.4 (b,​d). ​
 + 
 +¶1.  (C) SUMMARY: On April 9, poloff met with representatives ​
 +of the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions (KCTU), the more 
 +radical of Korea'​s two umbrella trade organizations,​ which 
 +recently changed leadership because of a sex scandal and 
 +suffered the defection of a number of its affiliated unions. ​
 +The newly-elected president, Lim Sung-kyu, also joined the 
 +meeting, an unusual move for an organization that has 
 +expressed sometimes violent opposition to the KORUS FTA and 
 +other U.S. policies. ​  Lim claimed that many foreigners had a 
 +distorted perception of the Korean labor movement because of 
 +government and business propaganda. ​ In fact, Lim said, KCTU 
 +wanted to build stable labor-government relations. ​ KCTU 
 +representatives said they opposed the social contract that 
 +some unions had signed with the government to respond to the 
 +current economic crisis because they did not think the 
 +employers'​ obligations were adequately stipulated and they 
 +did not trust businesses to act in good conscience. ​ KCTU 
 +representatives also discussed their efforts to press the 
 +government to create more jobs, strengthen social support ​
 +systems for the working poor, and convert "​irregular" ​
 +workers, who work on a contract basis with few benefits, to 
 +regular employees. ​ END SUMMARY. ​
 + 
 +---------- ​
 +Background ​
 +---------- ​
 + 
 +¶2.  (C) KCTU's president and five other executive committee ​
 +members resigned en masse in February to take responsibility ​
 +for a sex scandal that badly damaged the union'​s reputation. ​
 +One of the former president'​s close associates attempted to 
 +sexually assault a fellow female union member and some in the 
 +executive committee were accused of engaging in a cover-up. ​
 +The scandal came to light when an in-house investigative ​
 +panel admitted the cover-up. ​ The new leadership has vowed to 
 +revive the union'​s image, but on April 10 more affiliated ​
 +unions voted to disassociate from KCTU, citing the 
 +organization'​s emphasis on protest over negotiations. ​ The 
 +departing unions only represent about 7,000 of KCTU's 680,​000 ​
 +members; currently, the largest affiliated unions are the 
 +teachers'​ union and the metalworkers'​ unions. ​
 + 
 +---------------------------------------- ​
 +New President Opened With Foreign Policy ​
 +---------------------------------------- ​
 + 
 +¶3.  (C) Reflective of organized labor'​s long-standing ​
 +pro-engagement attitudes toward the North, newly-elected KCTU 
 +President Lim Sung-kyu started the discussion with a critique ​
 +of U.S. policy towards Pyongyang. ​ Lim said that all Koreans ​
 +want to reunite with the North. ​ The former U.S. 
 +Administration'​s policies were at odds with this goal, he 
 +said; Lim expressed his hope that the new administration ​
 +would have policies that were conducive to building a peace 
 +regime on the peninsula. ​
 + 
 +¶4.  (C) Lim also said that U.S. policy was critical to 
 +recover from the economic crisis. ​ He said that Washington ​
 +needed to be sure to keep an eye on human rights and labor 
 +issues in Korea. ​ If there were problems in these areas, Lim 
 +predicted, anti-Americanism could increase. ​ Lim said 
 +President Lee Myung-bak would not listen to workers'​ demands, ​
 +so the union would have to take action. ​ To be successful in 
 +bringing Korea'​s labor environment in line with international ​
 +standards, pressure from the international community was 
 +essential. ​
 + 
 +-------- ​
 +On Labor 
 +-------- ​
 + 
 +¶5.  (C) In a separate meeting, KCTU International Director ​
 +Lee Chang-geun outlined the organization'​s stance on the 
 +current economic situation. ​ KCTU opposed the social contract ​
 +that rival umbrella group, the Federation of Korean Trade 
 +Unions (FKTU), (reftel) agreed to with business groups and 
 +the government. ​ Lee said that the burden on the workers was 
 + 
 +very clearly defined, but the responsibilities of businesses ​
 +were ambiguous. ​ Lee said businesses could not be trusted to 
 +act in good faith. ​ Additionally,​ the procedure for 
 +negotiating the social contract was undemocratic;​ for 
 +example, KCTU was not included. ​
 + 
 +¶6.  (C) Lee also outlined KCTU's priorities for the Korean ​
 +government. ​ The organization had been urging the government ​
 +to counter the economic crisis by expanding the budget to 
 +create new, "​good"​ jobs, particularly in public and social ​
 +services like child and elder care.  Additionally,​ Lee said, 
 +the ROKG should strengthen the social safety net. 
 +Unemployment and health care insurance needed to be improved, ​
 +especially for the working poor. 
 + 
 +¶7.  (C) Lee discussed the topic of "​irregular"​ workers, which 
 +he insisted on calling "​precarious"​ workers in English, ​
 +although he used the same Korean word.  The main problem of 
 +the government'​s plan to lengthen from two to four years the 
 +time such workers can be employed before they have to be 
 +converted to permanent employees was that it was a temporary ​
 +solution. ​ The time limit was currently the only limitation ​
 +on how these workers could be used and prolonging that would 
 +only allow employers to use them more frequently. ​ Instead, ​
 +limitations on the use of irregular workers should be 
 +increased and stipulated in the law.  The government also 
 +should reduce the pay gap between regular and irregular ​
 +workers, Lee said, and allow the latter to unionize. ​
 + 
 +¶8.  (SBU) Toward the end of the meeting Lee also noted his 
 +opposition to the KORUS FTA -- a long-standing KCTU position ​
 +-- and inquired about prospects for ratification in the U.S. 
 + 
 +------- ​
 +Comment ​
 +------- ​
 + 
 +¶9.  (C) KCTU interlocutors were civil but clear in their 
 +opposition to U.S. policies. ​ President Lim Sung-kyu'​s ​
 +willingness to talk to the Embassy -- and his invitation to 
 +meet with the Ambassador -- could reflect some change in the 
 +often militant union. ​ In an economic environment in which 
 +job preservation -- not wage increases -- are the primary ​
 +goal, FKTU's decision to enter into its social contract with 
 +business and the government stands in stark contrast to 
 +KCTU's continued calls for struggle. ​ KCTU is likely to face 
 +additional attrition as the economic crisis deepens, but its 
 +biggest unions are also the most radical -- the teachers, ​
 +truckers, and metalworkers -- and constrain the union'​s ​
 +ability to move to a more centrist policy. ​
 +STEPHENS
 +</​code>​
 +
 +