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08seoul1120 [2018/06/09 18:35] (현재)
줄 1: 줄 1:
 +====== 제 목 : 17대 국회, 초라하게 마무리: 요약 ======
 +
 +작성일 : 2008년 6월 3일
 +
 +UNCLAS SEOUL 001120 ​
 +
 +SIPDIS ​
 +
 +E.O. 12958: N/A 
 +TAGS: PGOV PREL PINR KN KS
 +SUBJECT: ROK'S 17TH NATIONAL ASSEMBLY WINDS DOWN: A ROUNDUP ​
 +
 +
 +¶1. (SBU) SUMMARY: The 17th National Assembly, which 
 +officially ended, was characterized by the prominent role of 
 +386er representatives (those born in the 60s that led the 
 +democratization movement in the 80s), its left-leaning ​
 +ideology, the increased number of women, and intense partisan ​
 +politics. More than 7,000 bills were introduced during the 
 +17th National Assembly, three times the number of bills 
 +introduced during the 16th National Assembly, but the low 
 +passage rate of legislator-introduced bills of 21.2 percent ​
 +(26.8 percent in 16th) raised concerns about the efficiency ​
 +and quality of legislative activities. END SUMMARY ​
 +
 +----------------- ​
 +PARTY COMPOSITION ​
 +----------------- ​
 +
 +¶2. (SBU) The 17th National Assembly was elected in 2004 with 
 +the Uri Party -- the progressive ruling party at the time -- 
 +gaining 152 seats out of the total 299, as a result of public ​
 +anger at the opposition parties for their efforts to attempt ​
 +to impeach President Roh. The Grand National Party, the 
 +Democratic Labor Party, the Democratic Party, the Liberty ​
 +Democratic Alliance Party, the United Citizen 21 Party, and 
 +independents gained 121, 10, 9, 4, 1, and 2 seats, ​
 +respectively. The 17th NA was the first assembly to grant 
 +the liberal democrats a majority since the current ​
 +constitutions was adopted 1987. The progressive Democratic ​
 +Labor Party won its first seats in Parliament. ​
 +
 +----------------------------------- ​
 +FEATURES OF 17th NA REPRESENTATIVES ​
 +----------------------------------- ​
 +
 +¶3. (SBU) The 17th National Assembly was the main stage for 
 +the emergence of young representatives from the "​386 ​
 +generation"​ who were characterized by their left-leaning ​
 +ideologies and participation in the democratization movement ​
 +in the late 1980s. 62.5 percent of legislators were 
 +first-term members who proved their passions by introducing a 
 +total of 4,199 bills, more than triple the 1,343 bills 
 +proposed by experienced legislators. However, the passage ​
 +rates were almost equal with eleven to twelve percent, and 
 +the "​newer"​ assembly was ultimately unable to fulfill hopes 
 +the new blood would clean up politics. Also, more 
 +representatives were from professional backgrounds and 
 +participated in research activities, signaling hopes for an 
 +increasingly intelligent legislature. However, televised ​
 +footage of physical violence among legislators,​ reports of 
 +corruption and sex scandals contributed to the public'​s ​
 +disillusionment of politics. ​
 +
 +---------------------- ​
 +LEGISLATIVE ACTIVITIES ​
 +---------------------- ​
 +
 +¶4. (SBU) The Uri Party-led initiative to pass the four major 
 +reform bills, i.e., abolishment of the National Security Law, 
 +Media Relation Reform Law, Private School Revision Law, and 
 +Truth and Reconciliation Law, failed to pass the National ​
 +Assembly because of GNP opposition. Nevertheless,​ the 17th NA 
 +introduced an abundance of new bills (7,489), triple the 
 +number of bills proposed in the 16th National Assembly. ​
 +However, Professor Park Hyo Jong of Seoul National University ​
 +criticized that the bills introduced by the representatives ​
 +lagged behind in professionalism compared to 
 +government-proposed laws, and that representatives worked ​
 +hard to introduce bills to raise their number of proposals ​
 +but failed to actually pass them, leading to debate on the 
 +efficiency and quality of legislative activities. In fact, 
 +only 1,351 bills (21 percent) out of the total 6,387 bills 
 +introduced by representatives passed the National Assembly, ​
 +compared to the 563 governmental bills (51 percent) out of 
 +the 1,102 bills that were proposed by the government. ​
 +
 +-------------------- ​
 +INTENSE PARTISANSHIP ​
 +-------------------- ​
 +
 +¶5. (SBU) Beginning with the introduction of the four major 
 +reform bills, heated partisanship undermined the workings of 
 +the 17th NA. Partisan divisions were intensified with 
 +representatives'​ tendencies to conform to party positions and 
 +ideological debates, and often led to protracted debates on 
 +policy issues. The final sessions were tainted by 
 +inconclusive partisan fighting over the citizen pension law, 
 +private school law, law school law, the reopening of the 
 +Korean market to US beef, and the KORUS FTA. In addition, ​
 +the breakdown and mergers between the Uri-Party, the 
 +Democratic Party, and the United Democratic Party brought ​
 +criticisms that compared legislators to migratory birds. The 
 +public perceived the parliament to be more occupied with 
 +political infighting than the public interest. ​
 +
 +--------------- ​
 +CALL FOR CHANGE ​
 +--------------- ​
 +
 +¶6. (SBU) As the 17th NA concluded in public disappointment, ​
 +specialists advised ways to improve the workings of the next 
 +assembly. Candidate for the 18th NA Speaker Ahn Sang Soo 
 +(GNP) suggested the establishment of an institution to 
 +provide incentives for policy research, support the passage ​
 +of bills, monitor national administration,​ and check budget ​
 +developments. Soong Sil University Professor Kang Kyung Geun 
 +promoted greater power and authority for committees would 
 +help resolve the lack of professionalism and low efficiency ​
 +shown by the low bill passage rate. Kyung Hee University ​
 +Professor Kim Min Jeon advised assemblymen to restrain from 
 +blind party loyalty, and urged the ruling party to check 
 +rather than yield to the Blue House. Seoul National ​
 +University Professor Park Hyo Jong stressed that the National ​
 +Assembly must shift from sensational corruption disclosures ​
 +and political disputes to policy issues. Outgoing Speaker of 
 +the House Im Chae Jung said that the public will demand ​
 +satisfactory progress on important issues such as U.S. beef 
 +imports, the KORUS FTA, the socioeconomic gap, and rising ​
 +inflation, which the 17th NA failed to address adequately let 
 +alone resolve. ​
 +
 +------- ​
 +COMMENT ​
 +------- ​
 +
 +¶7. (SBU) Corresponding to the overall democratic ​
 +developments,​ South Koreans are now demanding more from their 
 +legislators:​ more transparency,​ more professionalism,​ and 
 +above all, more effectiveness in addressing their real 
 +economic and social concerns. To be fair, over the past two 
 +decades, the South Korean legislative has emerged as a 
 +powerful institution capable of its proper check and balance ​
 +role. However, it is also true that the National Assembly is 
 +still characterized by severe ideological polarization and 
 +crippling factionalism,​ as shown by the poor performance of 
 +the 17th National Assembly is passing key bills. Changing ​
 +old habits takes time, but Korean legislators are changing, ​
 +even if much too slowly for most Koreans. ​
 +VERSHBOW ​