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06seoul471 [2018/06/09 18:34] (현재)
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 +|  06SEOUL471 ​ |  2006-02-10 01:07  |  기밀(3급) ​ |  주한 미국 대사관 ​ |  {{tag>​PREF PHUM PREL KS KN }}  |
 +====== 제 목: 한국 정부는 미국 정부의 탈북자 전략에 대해 우려 표명 ======
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 +[[https://​sites.google.com/​site/​poirotkr/​1/​06seoul471|제 목: 한국 정부는 미국 정부의 탈북자 전략에 대해 우려 표명]] //포와로 탐정의 번역//
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 +===== 원본 내려받기 =====
 +<file rtf 06SEOUL471.rtf>​
 +C O N F I D E N T I A L SEOUL 000471 ​
 + 
 +SIPDIS ​
 + 
 +SIPDIS ​
 + 
 +E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/​18/​2015 ​
 +TAGS: PREF PHUM PREL KS KN
 +SUBJECT: ROK EXPRESSES CONCERNS ABOUT USG REFUGEE STRATEGY ​
 + 
 +REF: A. STATE 04712 
 + 
 +     ¶B. SEOUL 155 
 +     ¶C. SEOUL 166 
 + 
 +Classified By: POL M/C Joseph Y. Yun.  Reasons 1.4 (b), (d). 
 + 
 +SUMMARY AND COMMENT ​
 +------------------- ​
 + 
 +¶1.  (C) In a February 8 meeting with POL M/C, MOFAT DG Kim 
 +Won-soo opined it would be premature to approach third 
 +countries about a U.S. proposal (ref A) on North Korean ​
 +refugees until there was a clear case of a North Korean being 
 +potentially eligible for resettlement to the United States. ​
 +ROKG officials were concerned that consultations at this time 
 +with host governments could seriously undermine informal ​
 +procedures that have helped facilitate the movement of North 
 +Koreans to the South. ​ Underscoring the importance of a role 
 +for UNHCR, Kim suggested that U.S. and UNHCR officials hold 
 +bilateral talks before the next round of U.S.-ROKG ​
 +discussions. ​ Kim stressed that his remarks were preliminary ​
 +and not a formal ROK response to our ref A proposal to 
 +process refugees for the United States in third countries. ​
 +At a minimum, however, it now seems unlikely Seoul will 
 +actively support our initiative. ​ The ROKG is uncomfortable ​
 +with the prospect of North Korean refugees proceeding to the 
 +United States, especially if there appears to be a South 
 +Korean role, as it fears the publicity that is likely to 
 +accompany American acceptance of a few North Koreans could 
 +negatively affect its own policy and procedure on refugee ​
 +resettlement. ​ END COMMENT AND SUMMARY. ​
 +
 +ROKG: DON'T ROCK THE BOAT 
 +------------------------- ​
 + 
 +¶2.  (C) During a lunch meeting on February 8, Kim Won-soo, ​
 +MOFAT Director-General for Policy Planning, said the ROKG was 
 +still examining the U.S. proposal on North Korean refugees ​
 +(reftels), but his initial take was that it was premature to 
 +approach third countries until we were able to present them 
 +with a North Korean with a clear case for admission to the 
 +United States. ​ Approaching these countries now might 
 +undermine the ROKG's current program and jeopardize ​
 +cooperation between host governments and South Korean ​
 +officials, which would complicate the ability of North Korean ​
 +refugees to secure asylum. ​
 + 
 +¶3.  (C) DG Kim said that Mongolia, for example, was currently ​
 +the ROKG's most important route for the movement of North 
 +Koreans to South Korea, and Seoul had to protect this 
 +arrangement. ​ Last year the ROK accepted 1,386 North Koreans, ​
 +of whom some 400-500 came to South Korea via Mongolia, thanks ​
 +to an informal understanding between South Korean and 
 +Mongolian authorities. ​ ROKG officials paid expenses to 
 +shelter North Koreans in Mongolia while they were preparing ​
 +for onward movement to South Korea. ​ Kim said the North 
 +Koreans were fed, clothed, and housed until they could be 
 +flown directly from Mongolia to South Korea on commercial ​
 +aircraft, often in groups of less than eight, in order to 
 +give the appearance of private tourist travel. ​ Kim 
 +speculated that Mongolia and Russia would be very cautious ​
 +about the proposed USG refugee initiative. ​ Probably, Kim 
 +said, the GOM could very well decide to shut down the refugee ​
 +flow, which would have disastrous consequences. ​
 +
 +CONCERNED ABOUT PUBLICITY ​
 +------------------------- ​
 + 
 +¶4.  (C) DG Kim urged that UNHCR be given a greater role in 
 +the American proposal, because the first case of a North 
 +Korean refugee resettled to the United States would generate ​
 +much media attention. ​ The resulting publicity could turn up 
 +pressure on host governments to avoid further provoking North 
 +Korea. ​ It could also lead to the disclosure of South Korean ​
 +and NGO efforts to protect and transport North Koreans, ​
 +thereby threatening the welfare of the refugees. ​ UNHCR 
 +involvement might provide cover for relief efforts by 
 +determining the North Korean refugee'​s free choice and 
 +countering the claim that North Koreans were being resettled ​
 +against their will.  Politically,​ he said, it would be easier ​
 +for Seoul to assist with identity checks with UNHCR 
 +involvement. ​
 + 
 +¶5.  (C) Although Seoul viewed UNHCR as an important player in 
 +the issue, Kim said he was unsure whether UNHCR was willing ​
 +to take on a larger role because it could face problems with 
 +host governments. ​ He suggested that U.S. officials have 
 +another bilateral meeting with UNHCR before the next round of 
 +U.S.-South Korean talks on refugee issues. ​
 + 
 +¶6.  (C) DG Kim thought initial U.S. resettlements of North 
 +Koreans would encourage more to seek asylum, especially if 
 +they knew that Seoul would take all North Koreans who failed ​
 +to be eligible for U.S. admission. ​ He reiterated that Seoul 
 +indeed would accept any North Korean who was denied admission ​
 +to the United States. ​ To avoid having many unqualified ​
 +people apply to the U.S. program, however, he suggested ​
 +distributing clear criteria to promote more qualified North 
 +Koreans candidates. ​ In addition to the criteria in the 
 +U.S.-delivered non-paper (ref A), he asked whether having ​
 +family members or clear job prospects in the United States ​
 +would be additional criteria for successful relocation to the 
 +United States. ​
 +
 +USG: MORE NEEDS TO BE DONE 
 +-------------------------- ​
 + 
 +¶7.  (C) Political M/C stressed that Washington was very 
 +interested in playing a more active role with North Korean ​
 +refugees. ​ Congress had repeatedly made it clear that it 
 +wanted the USG to facilitate the admission of North Korean ​
 +refugees to the United States as required by the North Korean ​
 +Human Rights Act.  POL M/C also reminded Kim that the 
 +Ambassador had raised the USG North Korean refugee strategy ​
 +with Foreign Minister Ban Ki-moon (ref C). 
 +VERSHBOW
 +</​file>​